Aetna to pay $17 million after mailing revealed patients’ HIV meds

Aetna has reached a $17 million settlement after a class action lawsuit argued the health insurer breached the privacy of thousands of customers when they mailed out envelopes with large display windows revealing patients were prescribed HIV medications.

Aetna has reached a $17 million settlement after a class action lawsuit argued the health insurer breached the privacy of thousands of customers who take HIV medications.

Court documents state the company sent patients envelopes with large, clear display windows that revealed they were prescribed HIV medications.

The mailing, sent on July 28, was sent to about 12,000 customers in at least 23 states.

Aetna agreed in the settlement, which requires court approval, to pay at least $500 to customers whose privacy was breached through the revealing envelopes. The company also agreed to pay $75 to customers whose names were improperly disclosed to a mail vendor.

FILE - In this Aug. 19, 2014, file photo, a pedestrian walks by a sign at Aetna headquarters in Hartford, Conn. CVS Health, the second-largest U.S. drugstore chain, is buying Aetna, the third-largest health insurer. The evolution won't happen overnight, but in time, shoppers may find more clinics in CVS stores and more services they can receive through the network of nearly 10,000 locations that the company has built. (AP Photo/Jessica Hill, File)

Aetna said in a statement the company is “implementing measures designed to ensure something like this does not happen again.”  (AP Photo/Jessica Hill, File)

Aetna said in a statement the company is working to remedy the situation.

“Through our outreach efforts, immediate relief program and this settlement, we have worked to address the potential impact on members following this unfortunate incident,” the statement read.

“In addition, we are implementing measures designed to ensure something like this does not happen again as part of our commitment to best practices in protecting sensitive health information,” the company stated, noting it’s taking steps to prevent other mishaps.

The lawsuit originated in Pennsylvania with a 52-year-old Bucks County man whose sister learned he was taking HIV medications when she saw the Aetna letter mailed to him.

Aetna’s July mailing, according to a Legal Action Center press release, “was an attempt to address privacy concerns raised in two lawsuits filed against the insurer in 2014 and 2015.”

Adolescence these days starts at age 10 and continues to 24, scientists say

Puberty used to occur around age 14, but now has lowered to the age of 10 because of improved health and nutrition in much of the developed world.

Young people continuing their education for longer, as well as delayed marriage and parenthood, has redefined common perceptions of when adulthood starts, scientists wrote in the Lancet Child & Adolescent Health journal.

Societal and biological changes have prolonged the adolescent years from the ages of 10-19 to now ending at 24 years old, scientists said, leading to a debate about whether new policies would benefit or “infantilize” the older adolescents.

Puberty used to occur around age 14, but now has lowered to the age of 10 because of improved health and nutrition in much of the developed world, the BBC reported.

“Although many adult legal privileges start at age 18, the adoption of adult roles and responsibilities generally occurs later.”

– Prof. Susan Sawyer

As a result, in the past 150 years the average age for a girl’s first menstruation has become younger by four years in industrialized countries like the U.K.

Young people are also getting married and having children later, the report said. In 2013, the average age for a man to enter their first marriage was 32.5 years and 30.6 years for women across England and Wales, the report said, citing U.K.’s Office for National Statistics, which represented an increase of almost eight years since 1973.

Other biological arguments for why the definition of adolescence should be extended include that the body continues to develop, the channel reported. For example, the brain continues to mature past the age of 20, working more efficiently.

Professor Susan Sawyer, director of the center for adolescent health at the Royal Children’s Hospital in Melbourne, calls the dynamic “semi-dependency.”

“Although many adult legal privileges start at age 18, the adoption of adult roles and responsibilities generally occurs later,” she said.

Sawyer said the current definition of adolescence is “overly restricted.” She told the outlet that this social change needs to inform policy, including extending youth support services until the age of 25.

“The ages of 10-24 years are a better fit with the development of adolescents nowadays,” she said.

Muslim beauty blogger refuses Revlon award because of ‘Wonder Woman’ star Gal Gadot

Muslim beauty blogger, Amani Al-Khatahtbeh has rejected the Changemaker award from beauty brand Revlon because Gal Gadot is the brand ambassador.

Muslim beauty blogger Amani Al-Khatahtbeh is rejecting a Revlon award because Gal Gadot is the brand ambassador.

Al-Khatahtbeh, founder of MuslimGirl.com, was given the Changemaker award from Revlon’s new @LiveBoldly campaign, an initiative to “inspire women to express themselves with passion, optimism, strength and style,” the brand’s website says.

Al-Khatahtbeh rejected the award and took to Instagram to explain her reasons behind it.

“I cannot accept this award from Revlon with Gal Gadot as the ambassador,” Al-Khatahtbeh wrote.

Display nothing; This is on Publish with no configured Image

“Her vocal support of the Israeli Defense Forces’ action in Palestine goes against MuslimGirl.com’s morals and values,” Al-Khatahtbeh continued.

“I can’t, in good conscience, accept this award from the brand and celebrate Gal’s ambassadorship after the IDF imprisoned a 16-year-old girl named Ahed Tamimi last month, an activist who is currently still incarcerated. I think we are in a moment where we must persist that women’s empowerment includes ALL women. From the bottom of my heart, I feel I would not embody the meaning of the Changemaker Award if I were to accept it in these circumstances.”

FILE - In this Nov. 13, 2017 file photo, Gal Gadot, a cast member in "Justice League," poses at the premiere of the film at the Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles. Gadot, Halle Berry and Chris Hemsworth were among the first presenters announced, Thursday, Dec. 28 for next month’s Golden Globe Awards. The 75th Golden Globe ceremony will air Jan. 7, 2018.  (Photo by Chris Pizzello/Invision/AP, File)

Amani Al-Khatahtbeh feels the actress supports the “oppression of women and girls in other parts of the world.”  (Reuters)

Al-Khatahtbeh captioned her post, Yahoo Style reported, writing that while it “means so much” to be recognized, “we can’t accept role models that support the oppression of women and girls in other parts of the world. Especially after we just celebrated MLK Jr. and as we approach the one year anniversary of the Women’s March, we all have an URGENT obligation to talk back, speak our truths, and insist on the right side of history.”

“That’s what being a changemaker means to me,” she concluded.

Gal Gadot, an Israeli model and actress, was an IDF combat trainer for two years. Gadot has been vocally pro-IDF in the past, and stirred controversy when she took to Facebook to send “love and prayers” to those involved in the most recent Israel-Gaza conflict that left more than 1,000 Palestinians dead.

Al-Khatahtbeh told Yahoo Style, “Gal is the face of Wonder Woman, feminism, and empowerment. And yet, she doesn’t stand for the empowerment of everyone and she’s very vocal on matters that disproportionately oppress women and children. It doesn’t add up.”

Earlier in the year, Gadot sparked another political outrage when she wore a gown by Lebanese designer Elie Saab to the National Board of Review gala.

Lebanese people took to social media to call Saab “shameful” for dressing the Israeli actress.

How to get Meghan Markle’s messy bun

All hail the messy bun.

s Meghan Markle and Prince Harry headed into England’s Cardiff Castle on Jan. 18, excited fans praised not only the princess-to-be’s warmth and poise during her third official appearance, but also her messy bun.

Fashion aficionados around the globe were quick to note that this is the second time the “Suits” star has publically sported a low, loose knot, likely before clamoring to copy the look themselves.

meghan markle reuters

The couple visited the Cardiff Castle, then the community group Star Hub, which focuses on helping youth excel through sports.  (Reuters)

According to YouTuber Juicystar07, achieving a Markle-esque knot is easy for those with shoulder-length hair. After dividing one’s hair along the natural part and sectioning off two face-flattering tendrils, the vlogger suggests adding waves with a hot curling iron to a “messy, low” ponytail before tying hair into a bun, then teasing and tucking the tendrils back with hairspray as well.

meghan markle reuters

Prince Harry and the former actress clearly enjoyed the outing together.  (Reuters)

Markle won a lot of fans the first time she sported the California-cool look, after making an appearance with her fiancé in London on Jan. 9. The Twitterverse championed the effortless ‘do, heralding the former actress as “a relatable princess” and dubbing its informality as “the most American thing in the world.”

“It looks like she just chucked her hair up in a bun 2 minutes before she had to leave the palace. I like it,” one cheeky user quipped.

meghan markle reuters

Excited fans welcomed the couple to Wales.  (Reuters)

A far cry from the Duchess of Cambridge’s voluminous blowouts and hairnetted chignons, Markle’s stamp on a go-to hairstyle signals her independnece as she prepares for royal life.

meghan markle reuters

Markle’s free-spirited aesthetic draws parallels to another woman close to Harry’s heart: Princess Diana.  (Reuters)

VICTORIA BECKHAM SLAMMED OVER ‘SICKLY SKINNY’ MODEL IN AD CAMPAIGN

In fact, her free-spirited aesthetic draws parallels to another woman close to Harry’s heart: Princess Diana. From doing away from fussy gloves and frumpy hats, Elite Daily recalls that the beloved icon was never shy in blazing her own sartorial trail, either.

As the world eagerly awaits the couple’s May 19, 2018 wedding at Windsor Castle, all bets are off as to whether or not Markle will top a glamorous, authentic knot with a tiara on the big day.

Largest known underwater cave on Earth discovered in Mexico; holds clues to Mayan civilization

A scuba diver looks at an animal skull at Sac Aktun underwater cave system during exploration as part of the Gran Acuifero Maya Project near Tulum, in Quintana Roo state, Mexico February 12, 2014. (Jan Arild Aaserud/Courtesy Gran Acuifero Maya Project [GAM]/Handout via REUTERS)

team of experts in Mexico has discovered two linked underwater caverns that are more than 4,000 years old and form the largest known such cave on earth.

The discovery of the cave system, which stretches 215 miles, could hold valuable information about the ancient Mayan population, which inhabited parts of Mexico, the Yucatan Peninsula, and Guatemala, among other areas in the region.

The cave holds hundreds of Mayan relics, according to Guillermo de Anda, the director of the Gran Acuifero Maya team, which is part of Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History. De Anda told Reuters that the caves are certain to shed light on how the Mayan civilization evolved.

500 YEARS LATER, SCIENTISTS THINK THEY’VE
SOLVED GERM MYSTERY THAT NEARLY WIPED OUT MEXICAN POPULATION

Without a doubt, it’s the most important submerged archaeological site in the world.

– Guillermo de Anda, director of Gran Acuifero Maya team

“Without a doubt, it’s the most important submerged archaeological site in the world,” de Anda said, according to Mexico Daily News.

Scuba divers tour an authorized area of Sac Aktun underwater cave system as part of the Gran Acuifero Maya Project near Tulum, in Quintana Roo state, Mexico January 24, 2014. Picture taken January 24, 2014. Herbert Mayrl/Courtesy Gran Acuifero Maya Project (GAM)/Handout via REUTERS ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS IMAGE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY. - RC1CBC5D9FD0

Scuba divers tour an authorized area of Sac Aktun underwater cave system as part of the Gran Acuifero Maya Project near Tulum, in Quintana Roo state, Mexico January 24, 2014. (Herbert Mayrl/Courtesy Gran Acuifero Maya Project [GAM]/Handout via REUTERS)

The linked caves are Sac Actun and Dos Ojos.

“It allows us to appreciate much more clearly how the rituals, the pilgrimage sites and ultimately the great pre-Hispanic settlements that we know emerged,” de Anda told Reuters.

Some caves had important religious meaning to the Maya.

A scuba diver measures the length of Sac Aktun underwater cave system as part of the Gran Acuifero Maya Project near Tulum, in Quintana Roo state, Mexico January 24, 2014. Picture taken January 24, 2014. Herbert Mayrl/Courtesy Gran Acuifero Maya Project (GAM)/Handout via REUTERS     ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS IMAGE WAS PROVIDED BY A THIRD PARTY. - RC1D03DB6AC0

A scuba diver measures the length of Sac Aktun underwater cave system as part of the Gran Acuifero Maya Project near Tulum, in Quintana Roo state, Mexico Jan. 24, 2014. (Herbert Mayrl/Courtesy Gran Acuifero Maya Project [GAM]/Handout via REUTERS)

“We’ve recorded more than 100 archaeological elements: the remains of extinct fauna, early humans, Mayan archaeology, ceramics and Mayan graves,” de Anda is quoted as saying in the Mexico Daily News. “It’s also very significant that this discovery enables us to see the possible patterns of past settlement. From the Pleistocene through to the ancient Mayans and up to the colonial era, they developed parallel to this enormous flooded fresh-water cave.”

The discovery caps nearly a year of intense exploration in the area.

ARCHAEOLOGISTS FIND TUNNEL THAT MAY EMULATE
UNDERWORLD

As exciting and significant as the finding is, it may be only part of something even larger, de Anda believes.

There may be, for instance, other cave systems that are linked to Sac Actun, which means “White Cave” in the Yucatec Maya language.

Alligator fights python on Florida golf course

An alligator and a Burmese python engaged in a cold-blooded battle to the death last week in Florida.

An alligator and a Burmese python were locked in a cold-blooded battle to the death as a crowd watched in shock at a golf course in Naples, Fla., last week.

Richard Nadler spotted the gator entwined with the large snake just outside the 10th hole at The Golf Club at Fiddler’s Creek. Both creatures were perfectly still, but it appeared the gator had the head of the snake in its mouth.

“The alligator seems to have the upper hand,” Nadler commented after sharing pictures of the hair-raising scene on Facebook.

Carolyn Maxim, who also came across the sight, agreed with Nadler’s prediction.

“It’s like a zoo here!!!!” Maxim posted on Facebook. “Looks like he got one of those big pythons.”

A Burmese python, which can grow up to 26 feet long and weigh up to 200 pounds, uses its crushing grip to squeeze large mammals, birds and reptiles to death. In Florida, the average size of a Burmese python is 8 to 10 feet, according to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC).

In comparison, female alligators in Florida typically measure below 10 feet in length, but males can grow much larger, the FWC reports. Gators are opportunistic feeders, hunting for prey that are easily accessible.

Wildlife officials said they can’t draw a conclusion from photos alone – but if they had to pick a side, they’d be “team alligator.”

“Which species is ultimately the prey or predator will vary from (sic) situation depending on a variety of factors including the overall size of each animal,” Brian Norris, public information officer with the FWC, told Fox News. “However we are encouraged by the prospect of a native Florida alligator consuming an invasive Burmese python.”

Burmese pythons are not native to Florida and pose a significant risk to native wildlife and the ecosystem, Norris explained.

“But both of these animals are large predators and the FWC recommends keeping a safe distance from either species,” Norris advised.

Litmos Heroes launches new microlearning collection to diversify video learning library

Short courses, big learning

Following from a progressive 2017, where Litmos Heroes expanded their library by over 800% and are now offering customers access to over 2,500 video training courses, the team now launch a new ‘60 Second Skills’ collection into their library, free of charge to all current subscribers.

Consisting of short, bite-sized micro courses, the ’60 Second Skills’ collection delivers quick, minute-long training interventions to time-poor staff, allowing them to make the most of their downtime with quick refresher training. These courses were designed to accommodate the transient nature of many employees by being available on any device and providing them with brief informative videos that are relevant at the point of need.

The course collection covers the following developmental areas:

  • Personal Development
  • Management and Leadership
  • Life Hacks
  • CBT and Mental Health
  • Sales Hacks
  • Fundamentals of Success
  • Smart Selling

These courses contribute to Litmos Heroes’ ongoing commitment to saving the world from boring learning. They are part of a weekly release schedule which gives customers new training content every single week, without incurring any additional costs.

Speaking of the new collection release, Tom Moore, Managing Director of Litmos Heroes, commented:

“We’re so excited to be able to release this new collection to our customers and the market as a whole. Microlearning is an extremely relevant and hot topic at the moment for the learning technologies industry and we felt that it is training style which is well suited to our delivery medium – video. Our courses are short, succinct and to the point and provide learners with ample information for quick refreshers on a range of topics.

It’s big learning in a very short course. Perfect for the modern, time poor learner.”

Litmos Heroes will be attending Learning Technologies 2018 at Kensington Olympia on January 31st – February 1st on stand E8. They will be giving attendees a first glimpse into these short courses, as well as saving the entire exhibition from boring learning!

If you can’t wait for Learning Technologies, you can find out more about these courses by requesting a free trial: https://litmosheroes.com/free-trial

HT2 Labs to Inspire a Year of ‘Learning Firsts’ at Learning Technologies Show

Oxford, UK15 Jan 2018Learning NewsHT2

Following an unprecedented ‘Year of Firsts’ in 2017, R&D specialists HT2 Labs, are looking to inspire attendees of the upcoming Learning Technologies Exhibition to achieve their own ‘Learning Firsts’ in 2018.

 

Best known as the developers of social learning platform, Curatr, and Open Source LRS, Learning Locker, HT2 Labs, are fast becoming one of the most talked about companies in the industry.  One of the many highlights of 2017 saw the company recognised in a record six categories at the recent Learning Technologies Awards, including Most Innovative New Learning Technologies Product, and Learning Technologies Company of the Year.

Making 2018 A Year of Learning Firsts 

Ahead of attending the Learning Technologies show later this month, HT2 Labs have launched a new #LearningFirsts campaign to inspire more organisations to strive to achieve something new and different..

To ensure that as many organisations as possible are able to take part in what is billed as ‘a Year of Learning Firsts’, HT2 Labs will be offering an exclusive discount to attendees – heavily reduced licence fees across its product range – to those who visit them at the show (Stand N10).

Example ‘Firsts’ that are being worked on include:

– Using big learning data to prove the impact of training on performance
– Embracing the concept of the ‘invisible LMS’ to surface learning resources in the systems that their people use day-to-day
– Deploying chatbots and conversational interfaces for learning
– Enhancing social learning to get user generated content flowing throughout the organisation.

Learning Firsts: The Case Studies 

Attendees on Day 1 of the show are invited to attend HT2 Labs’ free exhibition seminar – taking place at 11.45am in Theatre 7. In this session HT2 Labs CEO, Ben Betts, will share the stories behind three recent award-winning ‘Firsts’:

– How AstraZeneca made their own MOOCs and got more than 150,000 contributions back from its workforce (taking home a Gold and Silver award in the process)
– How Villeroy & Boch proved the impact of a blended learning programme on retail sales using xAPI (picking up the Bronze for Best Blended Learning project)
– How Humentum and Action Against Hunger changed the lives of thousands of service users in Nigeria, using a combination of social and mobile learning to develop project managers (that won them the Silver award for Best NGO Project)

Speaking ahead of the show, Ben shared his aspirations for the year:

“2017 was an incredible year for us at HT2 Labs, and we worked tremendously hard to deliver some outstanding outcomes for our clients, and to further establish ourselves as a Place of Firsts.”

“In 2018, our mission is to help even more organisations achieve a Learning First of their own, by partnering with us and utilising a mix of cutting edge product platforms and our implementation savvy to achieve something they’ve never done before – and we look forward to meeting interested organisations at the [Learning Technologies} show to ensure this is made a reality!”

2019 Chevrolet Silverado Diesel Engine Will Be Made in Flint, Michigan

General Motors will produce the diesel engine for the 2019 Chevrolet Silverado at its Flint Engine Operations plant in Michigan, the automaker said today. The news comes about two years after the automaker announced an investment of $263 million to support a new engine line at the plant.

The Chevrolet Silverado diesel engine will join 1.4-liter engines that are currently built at the plant in Flint. These engines are used in the Chevrolet Cruze, Equinox, and Volt.

The 2019 Silverado features a new Duramax 3.0-liter inline six turbodiesel paired to a 10-speed automatic transmission. Mileage figures haven’t been announced yet, but GM’s Mark Reuss, head of global product development, said it would be better than the competition. That means we could be looking at 30 mpg or more on the highway. Both the Ford F-150 and Ram 1500 offer 3.0-liter turbodiesel engines as well.

In addition to the diesel engine, the Silverado will offer 5.3-liter and 6.2-liter V-8 engines. These engines will come equipped with technology that can shut off as many as seven cylinders when not needed, helping to boost fuel economy.

The 2019 Chevrolet Silverado will enter production at GM’s Fort Wayne, Indiana, assembly plant. Customer deliveries of the truck start this fall.

Preemie baby placed in plastic bag survives, mom calls him ‘my little fighter’

Baby Markcus Cropper, Jr weighed 1 pound, 10 ounces at birth. Mother says he is her "little fighter."

A grateful mother is sharing remarkable photos of her baby son after being in a neonatal unit for 81 days. Little baby Markcus Cropper was born premature at 23 weeks, weighing in at 1 pound 10 ounces and measuring just 7.8 inches.

Baby Markcus Cropper Jnr. weighing just 1lb 10.1oz. See SWNS story NYBAG; A mum has shown off her thriving "little fighter" after he was born so prematurely he had to be placed in a plastic BAG. Christina Hahn, 27, gave birth to tiny Markcus Cropper Jnr. weighing just 1lb 10.1oz when she was just 23 weeks and six days pregnant The 7.8"-long infant was so small in fact he had to be transported to an incubator in a plastic sack - which is about the same size a pencil case. But mum-of-one Christina this week posted a comparison photo of little Markcus, now five months old, weighing a healthier 12lbs. Christina and the tot's father Markcus Snr, 20, were overwhelmed during their 81-day stay at the hospital unit and the dedication of nurses and doctors. Christina, of Chincoeeague Island, Virginia, said: "It was so so scary giving birth and then asking 'is he dead?' He was just so so small.

The plastic bag kept Markcus from getting hypothermia.  (Christina Hanh/SWNS)

The amazing photos show the baby was so small he had to be transported to an incubator in a plastic bag, which was the size of a pencil case.

Baby Markcus Cropper Jnr. weighing just 1lb 10.1oz. See SWNS story NYBAG; A mum has shown off her thriving "little fighter" after he was born so prematurely he had to be placed in a plastic BAG. Christina Hahn, 27, gave birth to tiny Markcus Cropper Jnr. weighing just 1lb 10.1oz when she was just 23 weeks and six days pregnant The 7.8"-long infant was so small in fact he had to be transported to an incubator in a plastic sack - which is about the same size a pencil case. But mum-of-one Christina this week posted a comparison photo of little Markcus, now five months old, weighing a healthier 12lbs. Christina and the tot's father Markcus Snr, 20, were overwhelmed during their 81-day stay at the hospital unit and the dedication of nurses and doctors. Christina, of Chincoeeague Island, Virginia, said: "It was so so scary giving birth and then asking 'is he dead?' He was just so so small.

Doctors said survival rate for Markcus was 50 percent.  ( © Christina Hahn / SWNS.com)

Baby Markcus Cropper Jnr, with mum Christina Hahn and dad Markcus Snr. See SWNS story NYBAG; A mum has shown off her thriving "little fighter" after he was born so prematurely he had to be placed in a plastic BAG. Christina Hahn, 27, gave birth to tiny Markcus Cropper Jnr. weighing just 1lb 10.1oz when she was just 23 weeks and six days pregnant The 7.8"-long infant was so small in fact he had to be transported to an incubator in a plastic sack - which is about the same size a pencil case. But mum-of-one Christina this week posted a comparison photo of little Markcus, now five months old, weighing a healthier 12lbs. Christina and the tot's father Markcus Snr, 20, were overwhelmed during their 81-day stay at the hospital unit and the dedication of nurses and doctors. Christina, of Chincoeeague Island, Virginia, said: "It was so so scary giving birth and then asking 'is he dead?' He was just so so small.

The 5-month-old now weighs 12 pounds.  (Christina Hahn/SWNS)

Now five months old, his relieved mother Christina Hahn posted a picture of little Markcus, weighing 12 pounds.

“It was so so scary giving birth and then asking ‘is he dead?’ He was just so so small,” the 27-year-old mother from Chincoteague Island, Virginia said, as reported by news service SWNS.

“At lots of points we both thought that we would lose him and he pulled through — it was a miracle.”

BABY BORN 4 MONTHS PREMATURE READY TO HEAD HOME

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the average length of pregnancy is 38 weeks. When Hahn’s water broke at 23 weeks, she and the baby’s father, Markcus Sr., were warned by doctors the newborn may not survive.

“It was weird seeing him in the bag, but it kept him from getting hypothermia. That was only a short time until he was put in an incubator cot,” the mom said.

“Markcus then needed lots of steroid shots for his lungs to work properly because they were so underdeveloped.”

When Hanh’s water broke, doctors at her local hospital in Chincoteague said they could not admit her until she was 24 weeks. Luckily, a special neonatal facility two hours away was able to take the mother.

Markcus was born and cared for at Norfolk’s Children’s Hospital of The Kings Daughter.

ARTIFICIAL WOMB SUSTAINS PREMATURE BABY LAMBS FOR WEEKS

NIH data shows survival rates for premature babies have increased to 65 percent, but Christina recalled “two days before I gave birth the neonatal team told me due to the age of gestation it was only 50 percent survival rates outside the womb for Markcus.”

Fortunately, Markcus is healthy besides a potential hearing problem in the right ear.

The proud mother said “Markcus is adorable, I am so proud of him. He’s my little fighter.”